Archives For Martyrs

Earlier this week, a group of 21 Egyptian Christians, members of the Coptic Church, were beheaded. The accusation against them: they were “people of the cross, members of the hostile Egyptian Church.” This unfathomable act was carried out by ISIS—an act of barely veiled evil, supposedly done in service to God. Religious people everywhere (most Muslims included) are horrified at this and other atrocities committed by the Islamic State.

As I hear about this beheading, I am in the middle of my semester, in which I am teaching two courses that give me two unique perspectives on this event. On the one hand, I am teaching about the persecution endured by the Christians in the first three centuries. On the other hand, I am teaching through the book of Revelation. The church history course gives historical perspective; the Revelation course gives eternal and theological perspective.

In talking about the early church, we have been looking at many examples of Christians who bravely met their death. From sometimes sporadic and sometimes full-scale persecutions under Roman emperors to persecutions in China, India, Egypt, Africa, and the Middle East for most of Christian history, persecution has been the church’s constant companion. Paul promised: “all who desire to live a godly life in Christ Jesus will be persecuted” (2 Tim. 3:12). And he meant it. Jesus himself said, “In this world you will have tribulation,” but he also went on to say, “But take heart; I have overcome the world” (John 16:33).

Throughout history, many of our Christian brothers and sisters have boldly chosen death over disgrace, martyrdom over apostasy. Most of these martyrs didn’t actually have to die: there was a simple escape from their painful deaths (often preceded by torture). All they had to do was renounce Jesus. And yet that simple act was more than they could bear; death was a far more attractive option.

Despite numerous attempts throughout church history (and apparent victories in specific areas at specific times), evil has not been able to stop the followers of Christ from, well, following Christ—from picking up their own cross and accepting death on behalf of their Lord. As Tertullian famously said, “The blood of the martyrs is the seed of the church.”

These 21 men bravely joined the prestigious ranks of those who have demonstrated that Jesus matters more than their own lives. As Hebrews says, these are people “of whom the world was not worthy” (11:38).

At the same time, I’ve been teaching through the book of Revelation. Though there is much disagreement about the nature and timing of Revelation, the book was originally written to seven churches on the verge of intense persecution from the Roman empire (or “Babylon,” as Revelation refers to it). The letter of Revelation was written to keep them standing strong in the face of persecution. Some churches were in danger of flirting with the evil empire, and Revelation calls them to remain faithful. Other churches were about to suffer for their faith, and Jesus says to them: “Be faithful unto death, and I will give you the crown of life” (2:10).

Standing firm as a faithful witness to the reign of Jesus—even in the face of death—is a key theme in Revelation. Revelation calls all Christians to be ready to lay down our lives rather than deny Jesus in our words or our actions.

In calling us to be faithful witnesses to the point of death, Revelation is calling us to follow the example of Jesus. Towards the beginning of the book, John hears an announcement of “the Lion of the tribe of Judah, the Root of David,” who has “conquered” (5:5). And as John turns to look upon this conquering, kingly Lion, he seems something startling: “I saw a Lamb standing, as though it had been slain” (v. 6). What John sees interprets what John hears. Jesus is indeed the King, the conquering Lion. But the way in which he has conquered is by dying as a sacrificial Lamb. This then sets the stage for the followers of the Lamb.

The white lamb in the Ghent Altarpiece by Jan van Eyck

The white lamb in the Ghent Altarpiece by Jan van Eyck

Throughout the book of Revelation, the followers of the Lamb are called to “conquer” in the same way the Lamb conquered: “They have conquered him [the dragon: Satan] by the blood of the Lamb and by the word of their testimony, for they loved not their lives even unto death” (12:11). It is fascinating that in Revelation, the same event in which Satan and the evil empire are said to conquer over God’s people (11:7, 13:7)—namely, martyring them—is also the event in which the martyrs are said to conquer Satan and evil (12:11). The evil empire believes that it is conquering by killing the saints; the saints are assured that they are conquering the evil empire by dying. We are reminded of Paul’s words:

“We do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against the rulers, against the authorities, against the cosmic powers over this present darkness, against the spiritual forces of evil in the heavenly places” (Eph. 6:12).

Faithful witness is the call throughout Revelation, and martyrs throughout history have answered this call.

So as I heard about ISIS beheading 21 Christians and referring to them as “the people of the cross,” I thought: they got that exactly right. People of the cross indeed. People who are willing to pick up their cross and follow Jesus. And as I heard of one of the ISIS soldiers claiming, “we will conquer Rome,” I thought: they got that exactly wrong. They are siding with Rome, with Babylon, with the beast, with the evil empire. And the men they beheaded are the ones who truly conquered Rome.

Because our Christian brothers went to death for the sake of Jesus’ name, choosing faithful witness to the lordship of Jesus over their own lives, evil was conquered on Sunday. Just as in the crucifixion of Jesus, evil has been conquered in the very act by which it meant to conquer.

So to our Christian brothers who defeated ISIS: Thank you for reminding us that Jesus is better than life. Thank you for showing us that death is not defeat, that those who remain faithful to death will receive the crown of life. We are inspired by your allegiance to the slaughtered Lamb, and we are resolved to follow the Lamb into the heavenly city, where he has already wiped every tear from your eyes (Rev. 7:17, 21:4).

Holyfield Phil 4;13On the night that Evander Holyfield defeated Mike Tyson to win his third heavyweight championship, he entered the arena with “Philippians 4:13” embroidered on his robe and shorts. The verse reads: “I can do all things through him who strengthens me.”

What an amazing verse! We would do well to take it to heart. It’s one of the first verse that I memorized, and it has been a constant reminder to me that no situation is too difficult for God, no trial is without hope. Perhaps if Christians took this promise from God seriously, we would undertake more on his behalf than sitting in a church service an hour each week.

But as important as Philippians 4:13 is, it is also one of the most misused verses in all of Scripture. Holyfield is an excellent example of this. Presumably, he put the reference on his shorts because he believed that he could beat the tar out of Mike Tyson through Christ who strengthened him. He said as much in an interview: “With God on your side, the things you choose to do, you can do.”

It’s a blank check promise, then. Create your own goal, then invoke Philippians 4:13 and God will make it happen. How very Walt Disney: “When you wish upon a star, your dreams come true through him who strengthens you” (Phil. 4:13, New Disney Translation).

Or perhaps Paul had something different in mind when he wrote those important words. The context provides some important clues.

“I have learned in whatever situation I am to be content. I know how to be brought low, and I know how to abound. In any and every circumstance, I have learned the secret of facing plenty and hunger, abundance and need. I can do all things through him who strengthens me.” (Philippians 4:11–13)

What exactly is it that Paul can do through Christ who strengthens him? He says it clearly. He has learned to be content in every situation. He knows how to endure without having anything. He knows how to be in need. He knows how to go hungry. God has taught him to be content in that. God has strengthened him through it. And on the flipside, God has strengthened him through those times when he has “abounded,” when he has had plenty. It’s not about the situation. It’s about the God who empowered him to be content in every situation.

Philippians 4:13, then, is not about getting God to bankroll your ambitions. It’s about God’s strength enabling us to live in contentment in whatever situation he sets before us.

Evander Holyfield would have made better use of the verse if he believed that entering that ring would mean enduring the beating of a lifetime: “I can be content with getting the tar beat out of me by Mike Tyson through him who strengthens me.”

Marytrs in the ColosseumIn terms of Church History, this is exactly what many Christians have meant as they clung to the truth of Philippians 4:13. Christians have been thrown to lions, lit on fire, beheaded, crucified, disemboweled, and ruthlessly beaten for the sake of Christ. And as they have done so, they have clung to the promise that they can do all things through Christ who strengthens them.

So let’s quote Philippians 4:13 often, but as we do, let’s be sure that we’re quoting Paul’s version rather than Evander Holyfield’s.